Boxer Rebellion - Boxeraufstand

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Kruska
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Boxer Rebellion - Boxeraufstand

#1

Post by Kruska » Fri Sep 10, 2010 9:50 am

Boxer Rebellion – Boxeraufstand

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boxer_Rebellion

The Boxer Rebellion, also called The Boxer Uprising, by some historians or the Righteous Harmony Society Movement in northern China, was an anti-colonialist, anti-Christian movement by the "Righteous Harmony Society" (Yìhétuán) or "Righteous Fists of Harmony" or "Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists" (known as "Boxers" in English), in China between 1898 and 1901. The uprising took place in response to imperialist expansion involving European opium traders, political invasion, economic manipulation, and missionary evangelism. In 1898 local organizations emerged in Shandong as the result of the imperialist expansion, as well as other internal issues such as the state fiscal crisis and natural disasters. Initially they were suppressed by the Qing Dynasty of China. Later, the Qing Dynasty attempted to expel foreign influence from China. Under the slogan "扶清灭洋" ("Support Qing, destroy the Western"), Boxers across North China attacked mission compounds.

In June 1900 Boxer fighters, lightly armed or unarmed, gathered in Beijing to besiege the foreign embassies. On 21 June the conservative faction of the Imperial Court induced the Empress Dowager Cixi, who ruled in the emperor’s name, to declare war on the foreign powers that had diplomatic representation in Beijing. Diplomats, foreign civilians, soldiers and some Chinese Christians retreated to the Legation Quarter where they stayed for 55 days until the Eight-Nation Alliance brought 20,000 armed troops to defeat the Boxers.

The Boxer Protocol of 7 September 1901 ended the uprising and provided for severe punishments, including an indemnity of 67-million pounds (450 million taels of silver, to be paid as indemnity over a course of 39 years) to the eight nations involved.

The Qing Dynasty was greatly weakened, and was eventually overthrown, by the 1911 revolution which led to the establishment of the Chinese Republic…….


Despite the historic importance and occurrences of this campaign, it is astounding to notice that even Hollywood has not given any attention to this topic besides the (historically quite incorrect) 1963 historical epic film; 55 days at Beijing – starring amongst others David Niven and Charlton Heston.
In viewpoint of today’s perception towards China as a rising geopolitical power – I find it even more surprising.

A great site IMHO on the www, covering this topic is http://www.boxeraufstand.de/

As members of my family served in China during that time as well as before and after 1900, this history chapter is of great personal interest to me – so please feel free to post photos or comments in regards to his topic.

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Kruska
Man who goes to bed with itchy bum - wakes up with smelly finger - Confucius?

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Re: Boxer Rebellion - Boxeraufstand

#2

Post by Kruska » Fri Sep 10, 2010 10:23 am

Imperial German China Denkmünze for combatants and noncombatants – distinguishing and categorized via the colors of gold and silver.

Combatants (Bronce)
DSC00663.JPG
DSC00662.JPG

Non-Combatants (Steel)
DSC00664.JPG

Medal clasp with Combatant medal (Bronce)
C Medalbar.jpg

Combatant Miniature 16mm (Bronce)
C miniature 16mm.jpg


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Last edited by Kruska on Fri Sep 10, 2010 4:34 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Boxer Rebellion - Boxeraufstand

#3

Post by Kruska » Fri Sep 10, 2010 10:28 am

The US medal for participation amongst the “China Relief Expedition Medal ” or the so called China Campaign Medal.
Some persons mix up on those three US awards (Army, USN and USMC) - even militaria sales sites - so I hope that Histomil got it right.

The following Medal was authorised in 1908 for USMC members that took part in the US Expedition Force to China in 1900/1901
US Relief medal.jpg

The following Medal was authorised in 1905 for USArmy members that took part in the US Expeditionary Force to China in 1900/1901
US Relief m.jpg

The following medal was authorised for USN members that took part in the US Expeditionary Force to China in 1900/1901
US Relief navy.jpg

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Kruska
Last edited by Kruska on Fri Sep 10, 2010 4:37 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Boxer Rebellion - Boxeraufstand

#4

Post by Kruska » Fri Sep 10, 2010 4:27 pm

The British China Campaign medal - a beauty too
B China medal.jpg

The British China Campaign medal displayed on a medal clasp
B China medal v..jpg
B China medal h.jpg

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Kruska
Last edited by Kruska on Fri Sep 10, 2010 4:34 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Boxer Rebellion - Boxeraufstand

#5

Post by Kruska » Fri Sep 10, 2010 4:29 pm

The French China Campaign medal - a great piece of art too
French_China_medal_1900_1901.jpg

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Kruska
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Re: Boxer Rebellion - Boxeraufstand

#6

Post by Kruska » Sun Sep 19, 2010 1:15 am

Here is a rare shot from one of the barricades protecting the international settlement at Wuhan – the following photos are part of my Great-Grandfathers photo collection – AFAIK the soldiers depicted are British Marines. (The so called Blue-Jackets)

C10017.jpg
Original photo

P.S. please don't forget to click onto the pics for enlargment

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Kruska
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Re: Boxer Rebellion - Boxeraufstand

#7

Post by Kruska » Sun Sep 19, 2010 1:18 am

American Sailors at Tienjin:

C10018.jpg
Original Photo

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Kruska
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Re: Boxer Rebellion - Boxeraufstand

#8

Post by Kruska » Sun Sep 19, 2010 1:23 am

Japanese and German Sailors at the International Settlement of Tianjin:

C10015.jpg
original photo
C10016.jpg
original photo
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Kruska
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Re: Boxer Rebellion - Boxeraufstand

#9

Post by Kruska » Sun Sep 19, 2010 1:29 am

Not the "international gun" - but one of those huge Chinese canons that where used during the siege of the legation quarter in Beijing:

C10006.jpg
original photo

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Kruska
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Re: Boxer Rebellion - Boxeraufstand

#10

Post by Kruska » Sun Sep 19, 2010 1:35 am

German Navy troops - MG practise at Tsingtau:

C10019.jpg
original photo

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