'Traitors' were shot, hanged or garrotted

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'Traitors' were shot, hanged or garrotted

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Post by Sniper1946 » Sat Sep 09, 2017 3:24 pm

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Johann Lukaschitz, Werner Spenn and Hugo Ruf: executed

As the Nazis were coming to power and building their army, Franz Scheider, from Munich, was the last man they wanted to join their ranks.
A committed communist, he had been locked up in a camp before the war as a political enemy of the regime. When the war started, it was felt he could not be trusted, but as the conflict dragged on the German army needed every man it could get.
In 1943, aged 29, Mr Scheider was sent to Greece to serve in a unit of men, 60 per cent of whom were considered criminals like him.
"While he was there he saw the German units kill many civilians in the battle against Greek partisans," said Uli Baumann, the organiser of an exhibition about deserters. "He tried to help civilians by establishing links with the partisans."

Mr Scheider, who was the driver for his unit's commander and had access to secret military information, formed a team to tip off the partisans about German movements. But as the team, based near the Greek town of Amalias, sought to recruit new members in 1944, it was betrayed, and Mr Scheider and five others were brought before a court martial.
On June 4, 1944, the men were sentenced to death. Five days later they were shot.
"Afterwards, the partisans visited the grave and put up a sign 'Here lies a German hero'," said Mr Baumann.
Officially however, Mr Scheider remains anything but a hero. He is one of the few men still considered a traitor under German law.
Others like him include lance-corporals Hugo Ruf, Werner Spenn and Johann Lukaschitz. In 1943 they were fighting in an armoured unit which suffered heavy casualties near the Russian town of Kursk.
After drunkenly shooting at a portrait of Hitler, and distributing leaflets calling for a retreat from Russia, they too were sentenced to death.
On Feb 11, 1944, they were executed in the central German city of Halle. "They were hanged or garrotted," said Mr Baumann. "It was considered much less honourable than being shot."
source: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldne ... otted.html

Related Article....
Germany to pardon last troops Hitler executed

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Franz Scheider was shot for helping Greek partisans

Germany is poised to pardon the very last soldiers who were executed during the Second World War for betraying the Nazi regime.
But the move, which follows a decades-long national debate, has revived bitter differences of opinion over what remains an acutely sensitive subject.
The handful of men were among 30,000 German soldiers who were sentenced to death during the war for a variety of "crimes" from desertion to espionage.
Of those, 16,000 were hanged, shot, garrotted or guillotined by a regime determined to crush the merest hint of insurrection in the ranks.


While the vast majority, including deserters, were pardoned under a 2002 law, a few dozen remain with their posthumous reputations tarred.
Now the German parliament is debating a bill to rehabilitate them too, after the justice ministry examined a report by an historian investigating 70 cases of unpardoned "traitors".
The men were mostly described as Kriegsverrat - traitors in wartime - one of four categories of crime that have so far proved too sensitive for modern day German politicians to excuse.
The others include the mistreatment of men by an officer, and looting of corpses.
"A small group remains convicted," said Wolfram Wette, an historian at the University of Freiburg.
"In a typical case they were charged with taking information to the enemy which was used directly against German troops.
"This is one of the last questions of justice left over from the Nazi era," he added.
According to Prof Wette, "anyone who considers resistance to the criminal Nazi regime cannot exclude these 'traitors' from rehabilitation". But the issue of pardoning Second World War soldiers has long proved controversial in Germany.
"There was a long debate about whether to rehabilitate deserters before 2002," said Magnus Koch, who has organised a new exhibition on Nazi military justice in Berlin. "Now the same arguments are being fought over 'traitors' .'' Many conservatives believed that pardoning a deserter effectively says that those who stayed at their posts did the wrong thing.
"That is offensive to many of the tens of thousands of surviving veterans," said Mr Koch. Norbert Geis, a conservative politician, criticised the latest move, saying that "those who committed this betrayal often endangered their comrades in a criminal way".
Despite such opposition, the parliamentary bill, which had its first reading last month, seems sure to be passed into law. "It should be settled at the end of the year," said Prof Wette.
Ludwig Baumann, 86, founded the Association of Victims of Nazi Military Justice in 1990. He was sentenced to death after fleeing what he called "a criminal, genocidal war" in France in 1942. His sentence was commuted to 12 years in jail.
"Had there been more of such war 'traitors'," he said recently, "the Second World War would have been over faster, and thousands of lives would have been saved."
source: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldne ... cuted.html
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